Preventive child welfare
Preventive child welfare refers to the child and family policies that help to promote the wellbeing of children and families and coping in everyday life. Preventive child welfare is about influencing child and family services, the social security of families with children and the adjustment of work and family.
Preventive approach should be promoted in daycare, education, youth work, maternity clinics, child care clinics and other health care. Preventive child welfare is included in the services of many organisations as well as other operators such as the Emma & Elias programme (2012–2017). It brings together projects that increase the health and social wellbeing of children and their families.
Professionals in preventive child welfare are in a position to notice and prevent child abuse and neglect. The CUCW promotes the child’s right to a safe childhood and protects the child’s integrity against all forms of abuse, whether mental or physical abuse, sexual abuse or traditional customs that pose a threat to a child’s health. In order to prevent abuse, the focus is on influencing attitudes by emphasizing the significance of safe family relations.
Pregnancy, child birth, various transitions and changes in the family structure, due to divorce, for example, put a strain on families with children. Although changes are common in families with children and do not usually cause the need for additional support, it is important to secure the availability of low-threshold services and support that is easily accessible.
Preventive child welfare is known to be cost-effective: costs are for the most part very low compared to corrective services. Moderate costs increase as the need becomes more demanding.